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If you have blood in urine, you need to know this

Seeing blood in pee is something very scary. You should immediately seek the medical assistance without any delay. Discharge of blood in urine is termed as Haematuria. Haematuria is not a disease, rather a warning sign of a serious medical condition. Many medical conditions lead to blood in urine, where some are severe and life threatening than others.

Types of Haematuria

The bloody urine discharge that is visible is called the gross haematuria. Other type of haematuria is called microscopic haematuria, where the bloody discharge is visible only through microscope. The blood discharge widely varies in color, quantity and texture. It appears from mild pink, red to maroon. The texture also varies from thin watery discharge, gooey and blood clots in various sizes.

People rush to a doctor immediately after noticing blood in pee. In most cases, urinary tract infections, prostate problems and kidney disorders cause blood in pee. Let us see briefly what should you know about when you see blood in pee?

General questions asked by the physicians to identify the causes of haematuria

  • Have you passed blood in pee more than once?
  • Have you noticed the texture and color of the blood discharge?
  • Have you seen more than one clot?
  • Is your urine is just red or appear dark and smoky?
  • Did you have any pain when you passed urine?

Frequent discharge of large blood clots in urine often indicates a medical emergency.

These are the basic questions your physician will ask you to diagnose the condition. If you cannot remember anything properly, just say it you don’t remember it. Blood in pee turn on your panic mode!

However, a urine test is administered to identify the possible causes of haematuria.

What causes haematuria?

The major cause of haematuria is urinary tract infection, in both men and women. The blood in urine might come from the following organs:

  • Kidney
  • Ureters - The tube that connects bladder and kidney
  • Bladder
  • Urethra – The tube from bladder to external body

Causes of Haematuria in Men

The common causes of haematuria in men includes,

  • Kidney Stones
  • Any injury or infection of the bladder or kidney
  • Enlargement of prostate gland
  • Tumors

Causes of Haematuria in women

Urinary tract infection is more common in women than men. When you experience pain, burning sensation and an urge to urinate often are the signs of UTI in women that lead to blood in pee. In most cases, UTI in women clear up on its own. However, when you experience it frequently, a medical diagnosis is essential.

Signs and Symptoms that accompany Haematuria

Thankfully haematuria is often accompanied by many symptoms.

Infection of the kidneys: If you suffer from frequent chills, or high fever along with bloody discharge, it may be a sign of kidney infection.

Bladder Infection: Pain the lower belly causing an urge to urinate frequently. This leads to irritation and mood swings.

Kidney Stones: Moderate to severe pain in the middle and lower abdomen, mostly in pelvis.

Acute or Chronic Kidney Disease: Swelling of legs, ankles, face and eyes.

Rarely, in a few cases, exercising too much also cause blood in the urine.

The condition is diagnosed with urine analysis, ultrasound, biopsy, and CT scan. Based on the results and causes, the treatment of haematuria is decided.