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Serum Calcium (Total)

Serum Calcium (Total)

Also known as Calcium Level; Blood Calcium Level.

Why test for Serum Calcium (Total) at Symbion VIP Diagnostics, Ahmedabad ?

Usually Serum Calcium Level is checked as part of a routine metabolic panel; when you have symptoms of a disorder, or known presence of one, affecting your kidneys, bones, thyroid, parathyroid, or nerves or when symptoms of significantly increased or decreased calcium concentrations are present; when someone is critically ill, to monitor ionized calcium levels; when someone has certain types of cancer; when someone is being treated for abnormal calcium levels, to evaluate the effectiveness of treatment

Blood calcium levels do not indicate levels of bone calcium but rather how much calcium is circulating in the blood.

Calcium absorption, use, and excretion are regulated and stabilized by a feedback loop involving PTH and vitamin D. Conditions and diseases that disrupt calcium regulation can cause inappropriate acute or chronic elevations or decreases in calcium and lead to symptoms of hypercalcemia or hypocalcemia.

In most cases, total calcium is measured because the test is more easily performed than the ionized calcium test and requires no special handling of the blood sample. Total calcium is usually a good reflection of free calcium since the free and bound forms are typically each about half of the total. However, because about half of the calcium in blood is bound to protein, total calcium test results can be affected by high or low levels of protein. In such cases, it is more useful to measure free calcium directly using an ionized calcium test.

Normal calcium
A normal total or ionized calcium result together with other normal laboratory results generally means that a person's calcium metabolism is normal and blood levels are being appropriately regulated.

High total calcium (hypercalcemia)

Two of the more common causes of high blood calcium are:

  • Hyperparathyroidism, an increase in parathyroid gland function: this condition is usually caused by a benign tumor of the parathyroid gland. This form of hypercalcemia is usually mild and can be present for many years before being noticed.
  • Cancer: cancer can cause hypercalcemia when it spreads to the bones and causes the release of calcium from the bone into the blood or when a cancer produces a hormone similar to PTH, resulting in increased calcium levels.

Some other causes of high blood calcium include:

  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Tuberculosis
  • Prolonged immobilization
  • Excess vitamin D intake
  • Thiazide diuretics
  • Kidney transplant
  • HIV/AIDS

Low total calcium (hypocalcemia)

The most common cause of low total calcium is:

  • Low blood protein levels, especially a low level of albumin, which can result from liver disease or malnutrition, both of which may result from alcoholism or other illnesses. Low albumin is also very common in people who are acutely ill. With low albumin, only the bound calcium is low. Ionized calcium remains normal, and calcium metabolism is being regulated appropriately.

Some other causes of low calcium include:

  • Underactive parathyroid gland (hypoparathyroidism)
  • Inherited resistance to the effects of parathyroid hormone
  • Extreme deficiency in dietary calcium
  • Decreased levels of vitamin D
  • Magnesium deficiency
  • Increased levels of phosphorus
  • Acute inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis)
  • Renal failure

Urinary calcium levels may be affected by the same conditions and diseases that affect blood levels (listed above). A high level of calcium in the urine (hypercalciuria) may lead to the formation of crystals or calculi (stones) in the kidneys. About 75% of kidney stones contain calcium.

 

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  • Reporting Time : 3 hours
  • Fasting Time : Not required.

Precautions : Ask your health care provider / contact lab for instructions.

DISCLAIMER: The information contained herein should not be used as a substitute for the advice of an appropriately qualified and licensed physician or other health care provider. The information provided here is for informational purposes only. Please contact your health care provider if you have health questions or concerns. Although we attempt to provide accurate and up-to-date information, no guarantee is made to that effect.

Bodakdev Branch

Bodakdev Branch

1 Springfield, Opp Bhavanagari Sweet mart, Next to Akash Tower, Judges Bungalow Road, Bodakdev, Vastrapur, Ahmedabad. 380054

Phone: 079 26856784 / 26856785

Mobile: 9429410292 / 9825065803

Contact Person: Upendra Suthar

Prernatirth Branch

Prernatirth Branch

G-11, Ratnadeep-2, Opp Prernatirth Derasar, Jodhpur, Satellite, Ahmedabad. 380015

Phone: 079 40060217

Mobile: 9978917670 / 7405002115

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Bopal Branch

Bopal Branch

A-1/3 Vrajvihar Complex, Near Sales India, Opp Sterling City Gate, Bopal, Ahmedabad. 380058

Phone: 02717 - 234003 / 234004

Mobile: 9374431844

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Gota Branch

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GF-16 Vrindavan Heights, Near SUBWAY, Opp Center Point, Savy Swaraj Road, Gota, Ahmedabad.

Phone: 079 48488412

Mobile: 9913268412 / 9687983150

Contact Person: Himmat Kot

South Bopa Branch

South Bopal Branch

GF-17 Marigold Center, Safal Parisar Road, South Bopal, Ahmedabad. 380058

Mobile: 7572881296 / 02717-463553

Contact Person: Santosh Rana

Shahibaug Branch

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FF-1 Manibhadra Arcade, Above Jain Dairy Parlour, Opp Rajasthan Hospital Main Gate, Above Axis Bank ATM, Shahibaug, Ahmedabad.

Phone: 079 22884202

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Ashish Cross Road, Opp Puja Hospital, Meghaninagar, Ahmedabad. 380016

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1 Bipin Complex, Opp Cancer Hospital Gate, Asarva Ahmedabad.

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Gandhinagar Branch

Nana Chiloda Branch

Shop No.109, First Floor, Royal Arcade, Opp. Maruti Shine, Nana Chiloda, New Shahibaug, Ahmedabad. 382330

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Shop No 7, Ground Floor, Shukan City, Nr. Anand Party Plot, Opp. GST Crossing Road, New Ranip, Ahmedabad

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A-14, Himalaya Zircon, Near ONGC Circle, Opp Ashoka Vihar jain temple, Motera, Ahmedabad. 380005

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Gandhinagar Branch

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11, Ground Floor, Swastik Arcade, Godhavi Ahmedabad. 382115

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