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Serum Triglyceride (TG)

Serum Triglyceride (TG)

Also known as TG; TRIG; Serum Triglyceride

Why test for Serum Triglyceride (TG) at Symbion VIP Diagnostics, Ahmedabad ?

Very high levels of triglycerides are associated with liver and pancreas problems.

But studies show conflicting results on the role of high triglycerides and the risk of heart disease. Not all experts agree that triglycerides play a significant role in heart problems.

High triglycerides tend to show up along with other problems, like high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, high levels of "bad" LDL cholesterol, and low levels of "good" HDL cholesterol. So it’s hard to know for sure which problems are caused by high triglycerides alone.

For instance, some people have a genetic condition that seems to cause high triglyceride levels. But they don’t have an increased risk of heart disease. Still, there is some evidence that high triglycerides, on their own, increase the risk of disease. Other studies show that high triglycerides may only play a minor role when other heart disease risks are taken into account.

With ongoing studies, scientists hope to find out whether drugs that lower triglycerides also reduce the risks of heart disease.

Overall, it's important to remember that improving diet and lifestyle will lower triglycerides and lower the overall risk of heart and blood vessel problems.

The American Heart Association recommends All adults age 20 or older should have their LIPID PROFILE (and other risk factors) checked every four to six years. Work with your doctor to determine your risk for cardiovascular disease and stroke.

Your test results will show your TRIGLYCERIDE levels in milligrams per deciliter of blood (mg/dL). Your total cholesterol and HDL (good) cholesterol are among numerous factors your doctor can use to predict your lifetime or 10-year risk for a heart attack or stroke. Your doctor will also take other risk factors into account, such as age, family history, smoking and high blood pressure.

A complete cholesterol test, also called a lipoprotein or lipid profile, will give you results for your HDL (good) cholesterol, LDL (bad) cholesterol, triglycerides, and your total blood (or serum) cholesterol.

Triglycerides are the chemical form in which most fats exist – in foods, as well as in our bodies.

Normal triglyceride levels vary by age and sex. People with high triglycerides often have a high total cholesterol level, including a high LDL (bad) cholesterol level and a low HDL (good) cholesterol level. Many people with heart disease or diabetes also have high triglyceride levels.

Several factors can contribute to an elevated triglyceride level, including:

  • Being overweight, or obesity
  • Physical inactivity
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Excess alcohol consumption
  • A diet very high in carbohydrates (more than 60 percent of total calories)

These factors can be addressed with lifestyle changes. Underlying diseases or genetic disorders can also cause high triglyceride levels.

Some risk factors a doctor may consider when evaluating a serum cholesterol level include:

  • the ratio of HDL to LDL cholesterol
  • triglyceride levels
  • obesity
  • high blood pressure
  • whether the person is a male aged 45 years or older
  • whether the person has experienced menopause
  • smoking or tobacco use
  • family history
  • type 2 diabetes
  • lack of physical activity or a sedentary lifestyle
  • a diet high in saturated and trans fats
  • excessive alcohol consumption
  • a diet very high in carbohydrates, especially when refined
  • metabolic syndromes
  • chronic inflammatory conditions

Complications associated with high serum cholesterol levels include:

  • coronary artery disease
  • stroke
  • heart attack
  • organ or tissue damage
  • Less is known about how triglycerides impact health. However, people with high levels of triglycerides tend to be at risk for similar conditions, including diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease.

The following tips can help a person to reduce their levels of LDL cholesterol:

  • eating fewer full-fat dairy products, such as whole milk, butter, cream, and cheeses
  • eat fewer red meats, pork, lamb, and poultry with skin
  • avoiding packaged, fast, and fried foods
  • limiting the consumption of oils high in trans fats
  • avoiding some tropical oils and butters, especially those derived from cocoa, coconuts, palm, and palm kernel
  • eat fewer refined carbohydrates, such as those found in pastries, breads, crackers, and chips
  • avoiding sugary foods and drinks, such as candies, chocolate bars, juices, prepared smoothies, sodas, and energy drinks
  • losing weight or maintaining a healthy weight
  • quitting smoking and avoiding secondhand smoke
  • reducing or avoiding alcohol consumption
  • exercising regularly
  • reducing or managing stress
  • treating related medical conditions, including diabetes and high blood pressure
  • having planned meals
  • snacking on fruits and vegetables, rather than unhealthful prepared foods
  • Keeping a food diary can help a person to identify room for improvement and develop more healthful habits.

‚ÄčThe following activities can boost a person's levels of HDL cholesterol:

  • using oils with fewer trans fats, such as those derived from olives, sunflowers, canola, and corn
  • eating more whole fruits and vegetables
  • eating more whole grains and cereals
  • replacing meat with plant-based protein sources, such as walnuts, almonds, beans, tofu, seeds, quinoa, and whole grains
  • eating skin-free poultry and fish such as salmon, trout, herring, and mackerel
  • increasing the intake of dietary fiber, either by eating more leafy greens and whole grains or by taking supplements
  • drinking low-fat milk or replacing milk with a dairy-free alternative
  • getting regular exercise

The laboratory test results are NOT to be interpreted as results of a "stand-alone" test. The test results have to be interpreted after correlating with suitable clinical findings and additional supplemental tests/information. Your healthcare providers will explain the meaning of your tests results, based on the overall clinical scenario. For further information about these lab tests contact Symbion VIP Diagnostics pathology lab Ahmedabad at 09429410291


Precautions : Inquire with the lab / follow your doctor's instructions

DISCLAIMER: The information contained herein should not be used as a substitute for the advice of an appropriately qualified and licensed physician or other health care provider. The information provided here is for informational purposes only. Please contact your health care provider if you have health questions or concerns. Although we attempt to provide accurate and up-to-date information, no guarantee is made to that effect.

Bodakdev Branch

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